Microsoft (NASDAQ:MSFT) is the company behind the development of a new Unified pre-trained Language Model (UniLM). This is an essential tool for the generation of tasks and in natural language understanding.
A close outlook at the functionality
UniLM is pre-trained, employing some three types of language modeling techniques. These are unidirectional, bidirectional, and eventually, the sequence to sequence predictions. It bears a lot of similarities to the BERT. However, it is with time achieving new state-of-the-art performance on the existing natural language generation data sets.
On the other hand, BERT pulls along with a bidirectional design implying that word prediction draws from both ends of the words. This aspect makes BERT unsuitable to the task of natural language generation. It is for this reason that scientists at Microsoft Research thought about developing an alternative way that would cater to the most important needs. This is what has been dubbed today, the UNIfied pre-trained Language Model (UniLM), which has proven quite effective. It has been accomplishing the unidirectional, sequence-to-sequence, and bidirectional prediction tasks in a great way. On top of that, it is possible to fine-tune it in such a way that it works for natural language understanding and generation as well.
Uniqueness of UniLM
Analysts describe UniLM as a multi-layer network to the core pulling along with some pre-trained Transformer AI models. This strategy is proving rather effective with large amounts of texts. On top of that, it is possible to optimize them for language modeling.
Transformers usually operate in a defined way through some interconnected neurons transmitting signals. This is from the input data, and there are always a few adjustments made on the strength (weights). This is fundamentally how all AI systems function in making predictions as well as in the extraction of features.
It is, however, worth noting that in Transformers, all the output elements must be connected to the respective input elements. The weightings that exist between them have to be calculated dynamically.
Researchers say that they have noted a wide range of similarities between the BERT and the pre-trained UniLM. They think so because the pre-trained UniLM can be fine-tuned in such a way that it adapts to the downstream tasks.